The Abortion Pill, also known as – RU-486, Mifeprex™, and mifepristone, is a common early abortion method in the United States. It actually uses two different drugs to induce abortion.
Usage – This drug regimen is approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) for use in women up to 10 weeks after the start of their last menstrual period.1
Action – The first medication (mifepristone) blocks progesterone. Progesterone is a hormone that is necessary for the pregnancy to survive. Without progesterone, the embryo eventually dies. The second medication (misoprostol) causes cramping, expelling the embryo and uterine contents.2
Side effects – Cramping and bleeding are expected. Bleeding may be like a heavy period. Bleeding can last 9 to 16 days and possibly up to 30 days. Other possible side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, chills, weakness, dizziness, and headache.3
Complications – Possible complications include heavy bleeding requiring surgery to stop the bleeding, and serious infection. Before taking any medication, you should discuss the risks with your doctor and know what to do if complications arise.4
Follow-up – It is important to follow-up with your doctor 1 to 2 weeks after taking this medication regimen to see if an abortion has occurred and to assess for complications.5