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What are the Different Types of Abortion?

Abortion is a major decision with risks and side effects to consider. More than one abortion procedure is available, and gestational age may determine the procedure used. 

You are not alone in your unexpected pregnancy. We are here to educate you so you can take your next step with clarity. This blog will discuss what you want to know about the different types of abortion.

Medical Abortion – “The Abortion Pill”

An elective medical abortion works to end a pregnancy through a medication regimen. This type of abortion has many names, also called ‘the abortion pill,’ ‘home abortion,’ or ‘chemical abortion.’ Here’s more about the process:

  1. Mifepristone is taken first and blocks progesterone (a vital hormone for pregnancy). Once blocked, the uterine walls begin to thin and shed, causing the embryo to become detached.
  2. Misoprostol is taken next and causes the uterus to contract and expel the pregnancy through the vagina. 

Risks associated with medical abortion include:

  • Incomplete abortion, which may need to be followed by surgical abortion
  • An ongoing pregnancy if the procedure doesn’t work
  • Digestive system discomfort
  • Heavy and prolonged bleeding
  • Infection
  • Fever

Surgical Abortion

Next is an elective surgical abortion, a more invasive procedure performed at a medical facility. There are two types of surgical abortions: 

  • Dilation and curettage (D&C) is usually performed during the first trimester. During this procedure, small instruments and medication dilate the cervix. A surgical instrument, a curette, or a suction device removes the pregnancy.
  • Dilation and Evacuation (D&E) is typically performed during the second trimester of pregnancy and usually involves a combination of vacuum aspiration, D&C, and surgical instruments.

Some risks associated with surgical abortion include:

  • Uterine perforation
  • Severe bleeding
  • Infection
  • Injury to the cervix
  • Severe abdominal pain

More About Your Options

It’s important to be informed of all your pregnancy options and have any questions answered before an abortion procedure. Discussing your health before an abortion is also important to safeguard your wellness.

We know that each woman’s circumstances are unique. Our desire is for you to leave our center feeling empowered to make the best choice regarding your pregnancy.

Schedule a free, confidential appointment to receive pregnancy confirmation, determine your options and learn more. We are here for you!

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